Sustainability and Bioclimatic Design Principals in Hot-Dry Area of Iran
Keywords:Sustainable Architecture, Bioclimatic Design, Passive Solar Methods, Vernacular Architecture
Today, buildings worldwide account for up to 40% of total end-use energy. Sustainable architecture is a general term that described environmentally conscious design techniques in architecture and landscape design. The aims of sustainable architecture at producing buildings that adapted to climate, local, cultural and environmental contexts. Sustainable architecture also referred as Green Architecture, Energy Conscious, Eco friendly, Energy Efficient is a design that uses natural building materials that are energy efficient and that make little or no impact on the nature of a site and its resources. Climate has a major effect on the energy consumption in building. Bioclimatic design in vernacular architecure aims to lower energy consumption, based on the understanding of the climatic parameters that influence the energy behavior of a building. It requires knowledge of the relation between the building’s envelope and the local environment. Reducing energy consumption, using natural resources and providing comfortable, and sustainable living spaces are the aims of bioclimatic design or climatically responsive sustainable building design (vernacular building) in hot-dry areas of Iran.
Afshar, F., Cain, J.N., 1975. Indigenous Building and the Third World. Architectural Design. 4(April), p-p. 207-218.
Bondars, E. 2013. Implementing Bioclimatic Design in Sustainable Architectural Practice. Architecture and Urban Planning, doi: 10.7250/aup.2013.011.
Bromberek, Z. 1995. Passive climate control for tourist facilities in the coastal tropics (Far North Queensland).
Fathy, H., 1986. Natural Energy and Vernacular Architecture: Principles and Examples with Reference to Hot Arid Climates. The University of Chicago Press: London.
Folaranmi, A.O., Philip, A., Stephen, O., Amina, B., 2013. Bioclimatic Design Principle a Solution to Thermal Discomfort in Minna Residences, Niger State Nigeria. Journal of Environment and Earth Science, ISSN 2224-3216 (Paper) ISSN 2225-0948 (Online).
Ghani, F. 2012. Issues in Sustainable Architecture and Possible Solutions. International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering. IJCEE-IJENS Vol: 12 No: 01.
Heidari, S., 2006. New life, Old Structure Comfort and Energy Use in Buildings. Proceeding of a Conference. Windsor. UK, 27–30 April. http://www.nceub.org.uk.
Holman, J.P., 1976. Heat transfer. 4th Ed. New York: McGraw Hill Book Co.
Kheirabadi, M., 1991. Iranian Cities: Formation and Development”, University of Texas Press: Austin, Texas.
Knapp, R.G., Lo, K., 2005. House, Home and Family: Living and Being Chinese. University of Hawai’i Press: Honolulu. HI.
Madge, P. 1997. Ecological Design: A New Critique. Design Issues, Vol. 13, No. 2, a Critical Condition: Design and Its Criticism, Summer, pp. 44-54.
McMurry, S., Adams, A., 2000. People, Power, Places. University of Tennessee. Press: Knoxville, TN.
Memarian, Gh. 1998. Introduction to House typology in Iran, Courtyard Houses. Tahran University of Sciences and Technology.
Mikaeili M., Memluk, Y., 2012. Badgir: Design with Nature, a traditional Architectural and Climatic Element in Hot Dry Region of Iran. ICONARCH-I. 15-17 November, Konya.
Moule, E., Dittmar, H. and Polyzoides, S. 2008. Canons of Sustainable Architecture and Urbanism.
Oliver, P., 2003. Dwellings: The vernacular House World Wide. Phaidon. London.
Pirnia, M. K., 2003. Edited by: Gh. Memarian. The style of Iranian architecture.
Qobadian, V. 2006. A Survey on the Climatic Design of the Iranian Traditional Buildings. Tehran University. Tehran.
Qobadian, V., Feyz, M., 2006. Climatic Design: Principles of Energy Usage in Buildings, Tehran University, Tehran.
Serbescu, A. 2009. On change and adaptation: Rural Inhabitation During the Romanian Post-Socialist Transition. Traditional Dwellings and Settlements Review. 21(1), p-p. 37-50.
Sharma, S., Sharma, P. 2013. Traditional and Vernacular buildings are Ecological Sensitive, Climate Responsive Designs- Study of Himachal Pradesh. International Journal of Chemical, Environmental & Biological Sciences (IJCEBS) Volume 1, Issue 4 (2013). ISSN 2320-4079; EISSN 2320–4087.
Tavassoli, M., 2008. Climatic Design of Buildings. Tehran.
Vakili A., Boussabaine, A.H., 2006. Quality Concept in Persian Precedent Architecture: A Lesson in Eco-Building Design. PLEA. 23th. Conference on Passive and Low Energy Architecture. Geneva. Switzerland.
Vijayalaxmi, J. 2010. Towards sustainable architecture: a case with Greentainer. Local Environment, Vol. 15, No. 3, March, p-p. 245–259.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 ICONARCH International Congress of Architecture and Planning
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.