From Regional Development to Growth of Economic Clusters and Nodes: Policies and Strategies


  • Ayda Eraydın





Metrics Loading ...


Albrechts, L. (2010). More of the same is not enough! How could strategic spatial planning be instrumental in dealing with the challenges ahead? Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 37 (6), 1115–1127.

Alonso, W. (1964) ‘Location Theory’ Regional Development and Planning, J. Friedman and W Alonso (edit), MIT Press, Cambridge, 78-106

Amin, A. (1999) The Emilian model: Institutional Challenges, European Planning Studies

(4): 389–405.

Amin, A. and Cohendet, P. (1999) Learning and adaptation in decentralised business networks, Environment and Planning: Society and Space, 87-104

Amin, A. and Thrift, N. 1994 Living in the global, in Amin, A. and Thrift, N. (eds), Globalization, Institutions and Regional Development in Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 1-22.

Asheim, B. T. and Isaksen, A. (1997) 'Location, agglomeration and innovation: Towards regional innovation systems in Norway?', European Planning Studies, 5: 3, 299 – 330

Asheim, B. T. and Isaksen, A. (2002), Regional Innovation Systems: The Integration of Local 'Sticky' and Global 'Ubiquitous' Knowledge, Journal of Technology Transfer, Vol. 27, No. 1, pp 77-86

Asheim, B.T. (1996) Industrial districts as ‘learning regions’: a condition for prosperity,

European Planning Studies, 4, 4: 379-397.

Asheim, B.T. (1997) ‘Towards a learning based strategy for development: structural limits and new possibilities?’ Paper presented at the Regional Studies Association “Regional Frontiers” EURRN European Conference 20-23 September 1997 Frankfurt (Oder) Germany.

Audrecht, D. and Feldman, M. (1996), ‘Innovative clusters and the industry life cycle’,

Review of Industrial Organisation, vol. 11, pp. 253-273.

Bailey, D. and Berkeley, N. (2014) Regional Responses to Recession: The Role of the West Midlands Regional Taskforce, Regional Studies, 48(11)1797-1812

Becattini, G. (1989) Sectors and/or districts: Some remarks on the conceptual foundations of industrial economics, Goodman, E. and Bamford, J. (eds), Small Firms and Industrial Districts in Italy (London: Routledge).

Beccatini, G. (1990) The Marshallian industrial districts as a socio-economic notion in F.Pyke, G.Beccatini and W.Sengerberger (Eds) Industrial Districts and Inter-firm Cooperation in Italy (Geneva: International Institute for Labour Studies)

Belussi, F. 1996 Local systems, industrial districts and institutional networks: Towards a new evolutionary paradigm of industrial economics, European Planning Studies, 4: 5-26.

Berry, B. J. (1964) Approaches to regional analysis: a synthesis, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 54(1)

Boschma, R. (2004) Competitiveness of Regions from an Evolutionary Perspective, Regional Studies, 38 (9)

Boschma, R. (2017) Relatedness as driver of regional diversification: a research agenda, Regional Studies, 51(3)

Braczyk, H. J., Cooke, P. And Heidenreich, M. (Eds) (1998) Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governances in a Globalized World. London, UCL Press.

Bray, D. (2020), Pandemic may replace the nation-state: But with what?, Atlantic Council nation-state-but-with-what/

Brenner, N. (2003) Metropolitan Institutional reform and the rescaling of state space in contemporary Western Europe, European Urban and Regional Studies, 10, 297-324

Breschi, S. and Lenzi, L. (2015) The Role of External Linkages and Gatekeepers for the Renewal and Expansion of US Cities' Knowledge Base, 1990–2004, Regional Studies, 49:5, 782-797.

Briguglio, L. (2009) Conceptualising and measuring economic vulnerability and resilience, Prepared for the Conference “Small States and the State” 24-25 April 2009, Tallinn, Estonia. Organised by the Institute of Public Administration at Tallinn University of Technology and the journal Halduskultuur.

Camagni, R. (1991) Local milieu, uncertainty and innovation networks: Towards a new dynamic theory of economic space in Camagni, R. (Ed) Innovation Networks (Belhaven: London), 121-144.

Carlsson, E., Steen, M., Sand, R. and Nilsen, S.K. (2014) Resilient peripheral regions? The long-term effects of ten Norwegian restructuring programmes, Norwegian Journal of Geography 68(2), 91-101.

Christaller, W. (1966), Central Places in Southern Germany, Prentice-Hall, Inc. New Jersey

Christopherson S., Michie J. and Tyler P. (2010) Regional resilience: theoretical and empirical perspectives, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 3(1), 3–10.

Clift, B. and Woll, C. (2012) Economic Patriotism: Reinventing Control Over Open Markets, Journal of European Public Policy 19(3):307-323

Cooke, P, Uranga, M. G. and Exterbarria, G. (1998) “Regional systems of innovation: an evolutionary perspective”, Environment and Planning A, 30, 1563-1584

Cooke, P., Uranga, M.G. and G. Extebarria, 1997, Regional innovation systems: Institutional and organisational dimensions, Research Policy, 26, 475-491

Cooke, P.,1998, ‘Introduction’, in H.-J. Braczyk, P. Cooke and M. Heidenreich (Eds) Regional Innovation Systems: The Role of Governances in a Globalized World, London, UCL, 2-27


Cowell. M. M., (2013) Bounce back or move on: Regional resilience and economic development planning, Cities, 30, 212–222

Davies, S. (2011). Regional Resilience in the 2008-2010 Downturn: Comparative Evidence from European Countries. Cambridge Journal Of Regions, Economy And Society, 4(3), 369-382.

de la Mothe, J. and Paquet, G. (1998), Local and Regional System of Innovation, Kluwer, Boston.

de Propris, L.D. (2002) Types of innovation and inter-firm co-operation, Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 14: 337-353.

Delladetsima, P.M. (2006) The emerging property development patter in Greece and impacts on spatial development, European Urban and Regional Studies, 13,3, 245-278

Duval, R., Elmeskov, J. and Vogel, L. (2007) Structural policies and economic resilience to shocks, Economics Department Working Paper 567. Paris: Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development.

EC – Commission of the European Communities (2010a), Europe 2020. A Strategy for Smart, Suitable and Inclusive Growth, Communication from the Commission, COM (2010)2020

EC – Commission of the European Communities (2010b), Regional Policy Contributing to Smart Growth in Europe, COM(2010)553, Brussels

Edwards, M. (2002) Wealth creation and poverty creation: Global-local interactions in the economy of London, City, 6, 1, 25-42

Eraydın A. (2004). “Bölgesel Kalkınma Kavram, Kuram Ve Politikalarında. Yaşanan Değişimler”, Kentsel Ekonomik Araştırmalar Sempozyumu, DPT, PAÜ

Eraydin, A. (2016) The role of regional policies along with the external and endogenous factors in the resilience of regions, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society 2016, 9, 217–234.

Fainstein, S. (1994), The City Builders: Property, Politics and Planning in London and New York, Blackwell: Oxford.

Florida, R. (1995) Toward the Learning Region, Futures, 27, 5: 525-536.

Foray D. (2009), “Understanding Smart Specialisation”, in Pontikakis D., Kyriakou D. and van Bavel R. (eds.), The Question of R&D Specialisation, JRC, European Commission, Directoral General for Research, Brussels, pp. 19-28

Foray D., David P. and Hall B. (2009), “Smart Specialisation - the Concept”, Knowledge Economists Policy Brief, n. 9

Foster, K. A. (2007). Snapping back: What makes regions resilient?. National Civic Review, 96(3), 27-29. doi:10.1002/ncr.184

Glasmeir, A. (1991), ‘Technological Discontinuities and Flexible Production Networks: The Case Of Switzerland and The World Watch Industry’, Research Policy, vol. 20, pp. 469-485.

Gordon, I., Brown, B., Buck, N., Hall, P., Harloe, M., Kleinman, M., O’Reilley, K., Potts, G. Smethurst, L. and Sparkes, J. (2004) London: competitiveness, cohesion and the policy environment, in Boddy, M. and Parkinson, M. (Eds) City Matters, pp.71-92. Bristol: Policy

Gordon, R. (1996), ‘Industrial districts and the globalization of innovation: Regions and networks in the new economic space’. In X.Vence-Deza and J.S. Metcalfe (eds), Wealth from diversity. Kluwer, Rotterdam.

Grabher, G. (1993), ‘Rediscovering the social in the economics of interfirm relations’, in G. Grabher (ed.), The Embedded Firm. On Socioeconomics of Industrial Networks, Routledge, London, pp. 1-33.

Gregersen, B. and Johnson, B. (1997) Learning economies, innovation systems and European integration, Regional Studies, 31,5, 479-490

Hadjimichalis and Hudson (2014) Contemporary crisis across Europe and the crisis of regional development theories, Regional Studies, 48(1), 208-218

Harrison, B. (1992) Competiton, thrust and reciprocity in the development of innovative regional millius, Papers of Regional Science, 71: 905.

Hill E., Wial, Wolman H., Atkins P., Blumental P., Ficenec S. and Friedhoff A. (2011) Economic Shocks and Regional Economic Resilience, Working Paper 2011-03, University of California. Berkeley

Hudson, R., 1999, The learning economy, the learning firm and the learning region: A sympathetic critique of the limits to learning, European Urban and Regional Studies, 6, 1, 59-72

Isard, W. (1960) Methods of Regional Analysis, MIT press

Jager, J. (2003) Urban land rent theory, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, vol 27.2, 233-249

Jessop, B. (2013) Putting neoliberalism in its time and place: a response to the debate, Social Anthropology, 21 (1):65-74.

Jin, D.J. and Stough, R. (1998) “Learning and learning capability in the Fordist and post- Fordist age: an integrative framework”, Environment and Planning A, 30, 1255-1278

Kazepov, Y. (2005) Cities of Europe. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Keeble, D. (2000) Collective learning processes in European high-technology milieux, in D. Keeble and F. Wilkinson (Eds) High-tech Technology Clusters, Networking and Collective Learning in Europe, pp. 199–229. Aldershot: Ashgate.

Keeble, D., Lawson, C., Smith, H.L., Moore, B., and Wilkinson, F., (1998), ‘Internationalisation process, networking and local embeddedness in technology intensive small firms, Small Business Economics, 11, p.p. 327-342

Kresl, P. K. (1995) The determinants of urban competitiveness: a survey, in: G. Gappert and

P. K. Kresl (Eds) North American Cities and the Global Economy, pp. 45–68. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Krugman P. (1991a) Geography and Trade (MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts)

Krugman P. (1991b) Increasing Returns and Economic Geography, Journal of Political Economy, 99, 31: 483–499.

Landabaso, M. Oughton, C. and Morgan, K. (1999), Learning regions in Europe: Theory, policy and practice through the RIS experience” paper presented 3rd International Conference on Technology and Innovation Policy: Assessment commercialisation and application of science and technology and the management of knowledge Austin USA August 30-September 2

Langlois, R.N. (2001) Knowledge, consumption and endogenous growth, Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 11, 77-93

Lawson C. (1997) Territorial clustering and high-technology innovation: from industrial districts to innovative milieux, Working Paper 54, ESRC Centre for Business Research, University of Cambridge

Leigh, C.M. (1995) A Regional Innovation Strategy: towards a blueprint for Yorkshire and Humberside, Yorkshire and Humberside Regional Research Observatory

Longhi, C. (1999) Networks, collective learning and technology development in innovative high-tech regions: The case of Sophia-Antipolis, Regional Studies, 33, 4: 333-342.

Lovering, J. (1998) Theory Led By Policy? The Inadequacies Of ‘The New Regionalism’ In Economic Geography Illustrated From The Case Of Wales, Paper presented at the Economic Geography Research Group Seminar ‘Institutions and Governance’, July 3 1998

Lundvall, B. A. (1998), ‘Why study national innovation systems and national styles of innovation’, Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 407- 421

Malmberg, A. (1996) Industrial geography: Agglomeration and local milieu, Progress In Human Geography, 20, 3: 392-403.

Marshall, A. 1920 Principles in Economics (London: Macmillan).

Maskell, P. and Malmberg, A. (1999) “Localised learning and industrial competitiveness”,

Cambridge Journal of Economics, 23,167-185

Mc Kibbin, S., 2000, Network building and institutional environment: A case study of innovation strategies of the European Union, Institute of Social Studies, Working Paper 314

McCann and Ortega-Argilés (2011) McCann, P. ve Rodriguez-Pose, A. (2011) Why and When Development Policy Should Be Place-Based, In OECD Regional Outlook 2011:Building Resilient Regions for Stronger Recovery,203-213, OECD, Paris.

McGuirk, P. (2005) Neoliberalist planning? Rethinking and re-casting Sydney’s metropolitan planning, Geographical Research, 43 (1) 59-70

McGuirk, P. (2007) The Political Construction of the City-Region: Notes from Sydney,

International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 31,1, 179–87

Morgan, K. (1997) The learning region: Institutions, innovation and regional renewal,

Regional Studies, 31,5,491-503

Oswalt, P. and Rieniets, T. (2006) P. Oswalt & T. Rienitz (Eds), Atlas of Shrinking Cities (Ostfildern-Ruit: Hatje Cantz).

Oswalt, P. and T. Rieniets (2007) Global Context. Shrinking Cities. Available at globaler_kontext.0.html?&L=1 (accessed 9 March 2010)

Parr, J. B. (1999) Growth pole strategies in regional economic planning: a retrospective view. part 1: origins and advocacy, Urban Studies, 36(7):1195-1215.

Peck J and Tickell A (2002) Local modes of social regulation? Regulation theory, Thatcherism, and uneven development. Geoforum 23(3):347–364Peck J,

Perroux, F. (1955) Note sur la notion de ‘pôle de croissance, Économie Appliquée, pp. 307– 320.

Piore, M. and Sabel, C.F. (1984) The Second Industrial Divide (New York: Basic Books). Porter, M. (1990) Competitive Advantages of Nations, New York; Free Press.

Pruijt, H. (2003) Is the Institutionalization of Urban Movements Inevitable? A Comparison of the Opportunities for Sustained Squatting in New York City and Amsterdam, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 27,1, 133-157.

Pyke, F. and Senberger, W. (1991) Industrial Districts And Local Economic Regeneration

(Geneva: International Institute For Labour Studies).

Rabelotti, R. 1997 External Economies and Cooperation In Industrial Districts: A Comparison Of Italy And Mexico (Basingstoke: Macmillan).

Romer, P. M. (1994) “The Origins of Endogenous Growth”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 8:3-22.

Salet, W. (2006) ‘Rescaling territorial governance in the Randstad Holland: the responsiveness of spatial and institutional strategies to changing socio-economic interactions’, Europen Planning Studies, 14 (7), 959-977

Salet, W., Thorley, A. & Kreukels, A. (2003) Metropolitan Governance and Spatial Planning (London: Spon Press).

Sassen, S. (1991) The Global City: New York, London, Tokyo. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Schmitz, H. and Musyck, B. (1994), ‘Industrial Districts in Europe - Policy Lessons for Developing-Countries’, World Development, vol. 22, pp. 889-910.

Scott, A. J and Storper, M. (1987), ‘High technology industry and regional development: A theoretical critique and reconstruction’ International Social Science Journal, vol. 112, pp. 215-232.

Scott, A. J. (2001) Global City Regions. New York: Oxford University Press

Scott, A.J. (2001b) Globalization and the rise of city-regions. European Planning Studies9.7, 813–24.

Simmie, J. and Martin, R. (2010) The economic resilience of regions: towards an evolutionary approach, Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy and Society, 3: 27–43

Stimson, R. J., Stough, R. R. and Roberts, B. H. (2006) Regional Economic Development Analysis and Planning Strategy, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

Storper, M. (1995) The resurgence of the regional economies ten years later: The region as a nexus of untraded interdependencies, European Urban And Regional Studies, 2, 3: 191-215.

Swanstrom T., Chapple K. and Immergluck D. (2009) Regional Resilience in the Face of Foreclosures: Evidence from Six Metropolitan Areas, IURD Working Paper Series, Institute of Urban and Regional Development, UC Berkeley

Theodore N and Brenner N (2009) Neoliberal urbanism: Models, moments, mutations.SAIS ReviewXXIX(1):49–66

Thornley, A. and Newman, P. (1996) International competition, urban governance and planning projects: Malmo, Birmingham and Lille. European Planning Studies, vol. 4, (5)

Tiebout, C.M. (1956) Exports and regional economic growth." Journal of Political Economy 64: 160-64.

Tödling, F. (1994) The uneven landscape of innovation poles: Local embeddedness and global networks, in Amin, A. and Thrift, N. (eds), Globalisation, Institutions And Regional Development In Europe (Oxford: Oxford University Press), 68-90.

Turok, I. & Mykhnenko, V. (2007) The trajectories of European Cities, 1960–2005, Cities, 24(3), pp. 165–182.

Turok, I. (2004) ‘Cities, Regions and Competitiveness’, Regional Studies, 38, pp.1069-93. van den Berg, L., Braun, E and van Winden, W. (2001), ‘Growth clusters in European Cities:

An integral approach’, Urban Studies, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 185-205 van Oort, F. (2004) Urban Growth and Innovation (Aldershot: Ashgate)

Webster, C.J. (2002) Property rights and the public realm: gates, green-belts and Gemeinschaft, Environment and Planning B, 29, 397-412

Wolfe, D.A. (2011) Regional Resilience and Place-based Development Policy: Implications for Canada, Paper presented to the Annual Meeting of the Canadian Political Science Association Wilfred Laurier University, Waterloo, Ontario May 16-18.




How to Cite

Eraydın, A. . (2020). From Regional Development to Growth of Economic Clusters and Nodes: Policies and Strategies. ICONARCH International Congress of Architecture and Planning, (Iconarch -IV Proceeding Book), 7–34. Retrieved from