Reading the Concept of Anti-Architecture Through Baudrillard's Discourses
Keywords:Anti-Architektur,, Baudrillard, Architecture, Concept, Discourse
Although he strongly rejects it, Jean Baudrillard, who is regarded as one of the pioneers of Postmodernism, has studies in various disciplines such as; history, sociology, media, economics art and aesthetics. In addition, he has studies expressing different ideas about the discipline and future of architecture. According to Baudrillard, nowadays one of the problems of architecture is to say that architecture cannot be done without the idea of architecture and history of architecture. If you have an architectural project idea; different data about space, history, environment, elements of the project, objectives; all of which will, at a given moment, lead to the formation of an unexpected object that will make it truly different from the initial project. In Baudrillard's words, nowadays everything is caught by cancerous cells of culture; architecture also has its share. In our age, in architecture, as in all areas, the real is lost in the virtual. He says that this “radical” hypothesis is not pessimistic. Baudrillard wants architecture and architectural objects to remain out of the ordinary and does not desire it to be reduced to “virtual reality”.
The aim of the study is to read the concept of Anti-Arkitektur, which Jean Baudrillard described in his work titled "Architektur: Wahrheit oder Radikalität? (Architecture: Truth or Radicality?)", through the sub-concepts used to describe the concept in the book. Baudrillard has defined the concept of Anti-Arkitektur as structures that only function as a pure phenomenon, a pure object, without any aesthetic value. The main reason why Baudrillard's work is a sample is that he mentioned the concept of Anti-Arkitektur only in this work. NVivo 12 program, which is frequently used in qualitative research, was used to obtain study findings. Within the scope of the study, by entering the text into the program, the frequency of use of the concepts was determined. The concepts obtained were made into a word cloud in line with word grouping systems. Then a table was created with the English meanings of the concepts. An architectural scene in which radicalism does not exist allows us to return to the primitive period of space. In this sense, architecture now serves as an “Anti-Arkitektur”. Architecture is largely doomed today merely to serve culture and commu- nication. In other words, it is doomed to serve the virtual aestheticisation of the whole of society. The method of the study is qualitative research because it is a study conducted through discourses.
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